World Malaria Day

Circulating Now from NLM

By Ginny A. Roth

Illustration of a cartoon-character mosquito sitting on a pillow on what appears to be an Army bed. Don’t Go To Bed With A Malaria Mosquito, 1944
National Library of Medicine #C01769

Every year on April 25th the world commemorates the global effort to control malaria by recognizing World Malaria Day, instituted by World Health Organization (WHO) Member States during the World Health Assembly of 2007. This year’s theme, “Invest in the Future. Defeat Malaria,” supports the organization’s goal for nations to solidify their commitment, financially and politically, to fighting and preventing malaria worldwide.

This poster published in 1944 may look humorous, but it represented a very serious problem for soldiers during World War II—the spreading of malaria.  Documented often as being as deadly as fighting the enemy, malaria was prevalent among soldiers where environmental conditions, including high temperatures and heavy rainfall, were ideal for the breeding of mosquitoes that carried the disease. Because of the rising number of malaria-related casualties, many propaganda…

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